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General Woodworking

bookcase base.......

Accidental Woodworker - Sat, 07/08/2017 - 2:22am
I think I'm going to miss my target for getting the bookcase done this weekend. I made good progress on the base and that will be done tomorrow even if I goof off all day long. What is shooting me in the foot is the painting. Based on what it has taken to paint the bookcase so far, I'm looking at 3 days just to do that. I really don't  have a deadline on this but it is holding me up from starting something new.

not the first thing I spaced
I would like to say that I was being clever and sawed all the way across for a reason but I can't think of any that make sense. I thought that I needed to make a full length dado here but I didn't. The base will set down a 1/4" from the bottom shelf. After I had sawed both sides I realized that I should have made a stopped dado. This is recoverable because I'm painting this and I can fill in the saw kerfs with putty.

my second mind fart with the base
I was patting myself on back for catching this mistake before it got worse. The base at the back can't be positioned with a 1/4" reveal because the back top is at the same level as the top of the base. I hadn't caught on to this at this point yet. That light bulb coming on came when I tried to put the base on the bookcase.

This is what I had done thursday night in the shop. I didn't get any pics of it because my battery went dead.  Tonight was first spent correcting these minor detours into La La Land.

got my 1/4" at the front
the problem is at the back
The back has to be down from the top of the base 1/2" so I'll have a 1/4" reveal on the three sides. The light bulb coming on here was laughing at me besides blinding me.

washers and screws for the #2 came in the mail today
These took almost a week to get to me. I guess having the 4th on the second day of the week screwed up a lot of things. Now the #2 will be fully rehabbed and ready to use.

got my 3/16" pigsticker from Jim Bode too
My herd of pigstickers is complete now. I go by 16ths from 1/8" up to 1/2". I don't have a 7/16" one and I don't see the need for it. I chopped a mortise with my new chisel and it is becoming ridiculously easy to do. I have been practicing chopping mortises mostly with the 1/4" and 3/8" pigstickers but I still haven't made tenons for them yet. And that's because I only chop one mortise at a time. I think I'm ready to try to make a frame.

rounded and flat bevels
I have 6 pigstickers with 3 of them having rounded bevels and 3 that have flat, slanted ones. I can't tell a difference between the two.  Both chop and make chips equally well but I do favor the rounded bevel but I couldn't tell you why.

micro bevels
3 pigstickers have a micro bevel and 3 don't. The 5/16" pigsticker has a rounded bevel and a micro bevel too. Both chop mortises as well as the others but here I do favor a non micro bevel on these. And it isn't because of me not liking them. Rather I find it harder to sight where the chisel is when chopping. I'm sure that it is something I could learn to work with so I don't consider it a deal breaker.

back to the base
Ripping the  base to width.

marking the back for length
I have the base clamped up square so I can get an accurate mark for the length of the back.

squaring the back
I sawed this off of the marking knife line at an angle. I used my Lee Valley edge plane to square this down to the knife line.

clamped the bottom back so I can check it on the bookcase
fits and I have a 1/4" reveal on the 3 sides
minor problem
This pin is gappy and it is caused by the base fitting a bit too snug on the bookcase. At the front there is small gap but at the back the base sides are very tight to the sides of the bookcase.

closed up
It took very little clamp pressure to close the top pin up. I like the snug fit of the base and I don't have any plans to change that. This is the next to last step before I glue up the dovetails.

the last step
I sawed the cutouts on the base with the bandsaw and I cleaned them up with spokeshaves and block planes. I used a flat sole spokeshave on the flats and tried to use the round bottom spokeshave on the curves. I had trouble using it on this side and especially up high.

did much better on the other 7
Much easier and better results on the other 7. Not perfect but I'm feeling good that I'm starting to get the hang of using these tools.

I have to fix this
This is a weak spot on the bottom frame. Most of the forces exerting on the base will be downwards but I want to secure this as best I can now.

sawed a bunch of shims with the Zona saw
trimmed them with a chisel
refined the shape with sanding
all four bottomed out and filled the kerfs
5 minute epoxy
This is a tough thing to glue up. The splines are cross grain to the kerfs and the gluing surface in the kerf is basically end grain to the long grain shims. Epoxy is the only adhesive that will work on this.

I'll trim these tomorrow and glue the base up then
accidental woodworker

trivia corner
What is the color of blood in a octopus?
answer - blue green

How to Fix a Slipping F-style Bar Clamp – It’s Easier Than You Think

Popular Woodworking Editors Blog - Fri, 07/07/2017 - 7:35am

Many of us have experienced the phenomenon of F-Style bar clamp slippage. It can happen to quality clamps that had been put through extensive use, but it is more common with inexpensive clamps, where the manufacturers tried to cut on production or material costs. The problem is that the moving jaw can’t anchor itself to the bar because the bar is too smooth. The first thing you need to do […]

The post How to Fix a Slipping F-style Bar Clamp – It’s Easier Than You Think appeared first on Popular Woodworking Magazine.

Categories: General Woodworking

Book Giveaway: The Perfect Treehouse

Popular Woodworking Editors Blog - Fri, 07/07/2017 - 7:01am
perfect treehouse

I just returned to the PW offices after a nice lake vacation. I’m still in the mood for swimming, fishing, BBQs and s’mores. So I thought this week’s book giveaway should be a fun one. Treehouses sort of scream summer fun, don’t you think? This week I’m giving away a copy of “The Perfect Treehouse” by Django Kroner. It’s a book filled with treehouse building advice and common missteps to avoid. Django […]

The post Book Giveaway: The Perfect Treehouse appeared first on Popular Woodworking Magazine.

Categories: General Woodworking

Groopshop 2017 Fun and Fellowship

The Barn on White Run - Fri, 07/07/2017 - 5:07am

The events that are Groopshop are filled with levity and camaraderie, perhaps unlike any I have been party to (admittedly I might not be the best judge of this as I was the guy at high school pool parties who was sitting in the corner reading the encyclopedia).  On the second night of Groophop we  usually have a delightful evening of fun in the guise of “Refinishing Jeopardy” followed by “Mike’s Mostly Honest Auction,” when we raise money for the operation of the organization through selling and buying each others’ shop surplus supplies.

During the former event I was the off-screen judge for the answers, perhaps risking a conflict of interest as one of the categories was titled “Decoding Don.”

Apparently they think I am in love with arcane words and esoteric technical terms, and this was the chance for the contestants to try and figure some of that out.  I may have been a little strict with Freddy Roman during the judging, but I sent him a box of shellac flour as an apology.

Following “Refinisher’s Jeopardy” the auction commenced, and the bidding was spirited and the lots were enticing.  I bought some sheets of veneer, loose abrasive powders, and some more stuff I cannot recall at the moment.  One of the most vigorous episodes was for some lumber AlL brought.  I bought a lovely pair of matched Spanish Cedar boards, but was outbid for a spectacular piece of Swietenia mahoganii by JohnC.  It was a real beauty.

But the real heartwarming surprise came the next day as I was in CVSW setting up for my workshops the following day, and found the John had left me the board as a gift.  I was truly moved by the gesture, and since no good deed goes unpunished I am considering appropriate packages to send him in return.  The board was perfect for turning into sawn veneer for an upcoming project.

That’s the kind of group Groop is.  You should join us, but only if you want to learn, exchange information in a friendly environment, and have fun.

oh boy, what a surprise......

Accidental Woodworker - Fri, 07/07/2017 - 1:18am
At lunch time on wednesday I had checked UPS to see if they had delivered my wide iron conversion kit for my new Lee Valley plow plane. They said they had delivered it but when I got home there was no conversion kit waiting for me. You can not file a claim with UPS for a failed delivery until 24 hours have passed. That is what I was going to do battle with tonight.

When I drove up to my house after work I noticed that there was a priority box on the front stoop. I am expecting a pigsticker from Jim Bode but this box was way too big for that. If it wasn't for me, than it was most likely book(s) that my wife had ordered. When I went to collect it I noticed it was for me but I had no clue as to what it was. I didn't look at the return address because right besides the priority box was a Lee Valley box.

It was my conversion kit but I don't know who left it. Was it the man in brown or the person who mistaken had it left at their house? Seeing that I now had my kit, I didn't care anymore about going to battle stations with UPS or anything else.

The priority box was from Ken Hatch who writes the 'I'm a OK guy' blog. I didn't have clue as to what was in the box nor had Ken given me a heads up on it. I had to get the garbage curbside first and then I gave the box my undivided attention.

Of course the battery in my camera decided to go south at this time too. So I wasn't able to snap as many pics I wanted to. I did manage to get one of each of the goodies in the box. Ken, I don't know what to say. Thank you for sure, but what you sent me was incredibly generous. I'm sure that my wife will get sick of me telling her about this but the cats usually walk away when I try to talk to them. Her I can wait until I have her cornered in her sewing room.

first thing I pulled out
Two rice bowls with chopsticks. My wife won't use the chopsticks but I'm sure I can get one of my daughters to use them. I have been using another set off and on and I'm not any good with them. The lady at the chinese place I frequent is very patient with me and answers my questions everytime I go in there. She can pick a sheet of paper with them. I'll have to kick up the effort and practice every time I get chinese now

iron/chipbreaker set with a lever cap
The lever cap has a broken flip thing at at the top but I have seen replacements for this for sale. I can practice on punching out the pin and replacing it. The iron/chipbreaker will fit a #3 and I can give it to my grandson as a spare for his plane.

this wasn't in the Ken Hatch box
I put this on the plane without any problems. I glanced a few pics in the instructions but I didn't read anything. Now that I have this, I can start making a box to stow the plane, the conversion kit, and the box holding the irons in it.

This is over the top
This is an awesome surprise and I was stunned when I saw it in the box. This was just too damn good to be true and I had to slap myself to make sure I was awake and not dreaming. Of course I had to road test it immediately.

realistic road test
I had to flush the base and I started on the top and used this plane to knock down the high spots. The shavings were a wee bit thicker than I liked but the plane was effortlessly making them. No stuttering or chattering, with or against the grain.  I swear the plane was singing as I flushed the top edge of the base. I used the #7 and the 4 1/2 to finish it but I really like the feel and action of the wooden plane a lot.

planing the left side
I could feel a wooden plane sickness starting to creep into my body. It would be very easy to go on binge buying a set of wooden planes. This is about as long as my 4 1/2 but it is lighter and felt a lot more nimble to maneuver.

flipped it over and did the bottom
I flushed the bottom wholly with the new wooden plane. Even the long front edge. This plane went through this pine quicker than a red hot knife going through a tub of cheap oleo.

square on all 3
Planing square now is something I kind of expect. If I am off I am able to quickly get back to 90 within a few strokes. I thought that I wouldn't be able to do that with this wooden plane. I can sense myself planing off square with metal planes now and I found out that I had that same sense with the wooden one.

I am kind of torn between keeping this plane for myself or passing it on to my grandson. I think what I'll do is keep it as a guardian until he is old enough to use and appreciate it.

I plowed the dadoes in the base for the back but I have no pics of that. My canon camera battery was dead and I haven't had a chance to read up on the Olympus camera yet. I charged the battery in it but that is all I've done with it. I'll catch up and post follow up pics tomorrow.

accidental woodworker

trivia corner
How many US Presidents were former governors?
answer - 17

Handy Figure-eight Fasteners

Popular Woodworking Editors Blog - Thu, 07/06/2017 - 8:30am

I don’t actually remember how long ago I discovered figure-eight fasteners (ten, fifteen years?), but it was one of those moments when I felt like someone had answered a wish. I was struggling with how to attach something vertical to something horizontal and I wanted it nearly invisible. Then I found the figure-eight fastener. They’re not really a tip or a trick, more like someone showing you that ice cream […]

The post Handy Figure-eight Fasteners appeared first on Popular Woodworking Magazine.

Categories: General Woodworking

Groopshop 2017 Presentations

The Barn on White Run - Thu, 07/06/2017 - 5:42am

The program for this year’s Groopshop of the Professional Refinisher’s Group was an embarrassment of riches, with wide ranging presentations and demonstrations that were edifying to all in attendance.

As was the usual for our events, the several dozen folks in attendance were held in rapt attention as every single session provided nuggets of knowledge for us present.

Golden Artists Colors technical guru Mike Townsend gave a reprise to his presentations at the very first Groopshop almost two decades ago with two spectacular demos on color theory and airbrush techniques.  I am a bit of a color theory maven myself and found Mike’s presentation of the idea and practice of color decoding and matching to be superb.  He has a real sense of how to connect to an audience of varying experience, and his own background as an artist really comes to light when he is discussing appearance.  He provided blank panels to everyone and we followed right along as he showed how color interact with each other.


His no-nonsense demo of airbrushing was a huge hit, and as is often the case with Groopshop demos the audience was soon crowded around him trying all the things he was showing us.  One of the highlights of the session was his use of an almost century-old mini air compressor to drive his airbrushes.

John Coffey also had two sessions, sharing the lessons of several decades’ worth of successful experience.  His first session was an excellent discourse on dealing with curvalinear and heavily carved surfaces, and his second was a demo of gilded borders on leather tops.  To say the least the interest was high for both of them, and he found himself in the center of a mosh pit.

Len Reinhardt was attending his first Groopshop and absolutely stunned us with a recently completed project of conserving a pair of giant valances from a famed historic mansion in Nashville.  It  really was a first-class project and presentation.

Dan Carlson regaled us with the mostly-unsuccessful fad of repainting countertops in situ, along with many other home remedies for damaged furniture.  Given that many in our cohort will be called on to deal with these failures it was timely instruction.

Mike Mascelli and Tom DelVecchio somehow snuck in some discussion of caring for and preserving aged upholstery.    Tom is the inventor of The DelVe Square that is made by Woodpeckers, and one of my very favorite tools.

John Szalay and Christine Grove were given an open mike for the after-dinner session on the first day, and as usual had our jaws hanging open with the inventive amazingness of their projects, ranging from furniture restoration to restoring vintage soda machines to casting metal parts for vintage motorcycles to rebuilding vintage woodworking machines.  Jon is better known to the outside world as “Jersey Jon” from the American Pickers” television show.  Christine has a passion for old-time machines, and of course high fashion.

Al Lopez recounted the progression of his shop from small furniture restoration outfit to a large project, mostly architectural restoration enterprise.  I was so busy listening to his talk that I forgot to take pictures.  Sorry Al.

Other presenters who I also failed to photograph were Mark Faulkner and Val Lennon from Besway/Benco, briefing us on new regulations about solvents and chemical safety and disposal.  (I took advantage of their proximity to pick their brains about my upcoming dive into the production of Mel’s Wax.)  Freddy Roman evangelized us by cataloging the role of social media in his business plan.  His talk was simultaneously awesome and terrifying to a sixty-something minarchist like me.  I gave two shorter talks, one on our recent adventures in ripple moldings, and one on the technology of emulsions and the design of Mel’s Wax.  I distributed free samples of the latter with the extracted promise that everyone who took a sample was required to give me constructive feedback, which has begun to flow in.

Even with all of this I m sure I forgot to mention some of the learning opportunities there, and for that I apologize.

And the fun was not over yet.

Matt Furjanic Talks about Inlaybanding.com – 360w360 E.239

360 WoodWorking - Thu, 07/06/2017 - 3:49am
Matt Furjanic Talks about Inlaybanding.com – 360w360 E.239

In this episode of 360 with 360WoodWorking, we spend time with Matt Furjanic of inlaybanding.com. Matt discusses how he he got started in the business – it’s a great story that is probably more common than you think –  and shares some of his thoughts on woods and glues used to make bandings of all kinds.

Join 360 Woodworking every Thursday for a lively discussion on everything from tools to techniques to wood selection (and more).

Continue reading Matt Furjanic Talks about Inlaybanding.com – 360w360 E.239 at 360 WoodWorking.

new molding planes......

Accidental Woodworker - Thu, 07/06/2017 - 2:09am
I pulled the trigger on two new to me, molding planes. It looks like I got them just in time because the OT well has gone dry. They weren't that expensive, the beader was $29 and I couldn't pass it up for that price. And I don't have one in that size and it will get use in my shop as I do a lot of small work. The other plane is a cornice plane and I've been looking for one and I had two of them to pick from. I picked the one I bought because the sole of it looked better than the other one.

the bookcase
I had clamped this before I nailed it yesterday. I am sure the nails would have done the job but the clamp gave me a warm and fuzzy.

this corner is wee bit off
The side frame is 4 frog hairs short of the top and the top frame is two frog hairs below that. It is not going to matter in this case because the molding going here will hide. No one will know it unless I tell them and Mums is the word.

even if I don't use a molding
The joint line between the top of the bookcase and the top is pretty seamless. Once it is painted, no one would see it. The plan is to put a small quarter round here as anything else would be too large.

1/8" beader was the $29 deal
 This is the test piece that came with the plane but it isn't the reason why I bought it.

someone has done a bit of work on this

it has one large flat bevel
The plane has a removable fence so you make a deeper bead. That is what the large bevel is for as it closely matches that width.

my bead on the right
the bead profile is a wee bit off
This one should be an easy fix. I'll read up on Matt's (tiny workshop blog) post on rehabbing a beader before I tackle this. Plus I still haven't gotten any chain saw files.

reason two I bought this
$29 which included S/H was very attractive but The sole was the #1 reason why I bought it. The boxwood is almost pristine. No gaps, no looseness, no chips or other defects from end to end, and it is dead nuts straight and flat.

my cornice plane from Hyperkitten

back of the iron
looks like a large micro bevel on the edge
It doesn't appear to be sharp but I am going to road test it as is.

as good as sole as the beader
The sole is clean, clear, and defect free along with the boxing. Both are dead straight without even a tiny nick anywhere on it. And the mouth is clean and tight too. These are usually chipped a bit across the width.

nice shavings
The iron is almost a perfect match for the sole. I think I got lucky with this one as most of my irons don't match up as good as this one does.

I like this profile
Josh had a few other cornice molders but he sold them when I went back to pick another one. Now that I have seen what this looks like I will keep my eyes open for a larger and smaller one.

ripping it out
I want to see if this is small enough to use on the bookcase.

nope, it's too big
If this was about a 1/2" thinner in the width I would use it here.

It would look good here
too big for the bottom base
This molding would sit on top of the base and be set down from the top about an 1/8". If I do it that way I have a gap between the top of the base and the bottom of the bookcase. It looks like a chamfer is the way to go here.

planed and ripped out one more
this will work too
Thinking about using this on the bottom of a box. I sawed the miters by eye just to see what wrapping a corner would look like.

close but not a match
I planed the right one first and the left one second. I am sure that I registered the plane the same but I obviously was a wee bit off. I can see the wisdom in making all your moldings out of one piece of wood and all at the same time.

accidental woodworker

trivia corner

What was the name of the first movie released with the NC-17 rating (no children under 17)?
answer -  Henry and Jane

VideoWoodworkers – Skiatook Adventure with Shawn Graham

Popular Woodworking Editors Blog - Wed, 07/05/2017 - 9:09am

On June 23-24, 2017, a bunch of YouTubers converged on a field in Oklahoma to abandon technology and go old school. The “Skiatook Adventure” differentiated itself from other events via its complete lack of agenda. There were no tool vendors, no pitchmen, no schedule. Visitors weren’t coming to buy, learn or try new things. The event was all about getting past the information highway and socializing “IRL.” The event was […]

The post VideoWoodworkers – Skiatook Adventure with Shawn Graham appeared first on Popular Woodworking Magazine.

Categories: General Woodworking

Intro – Basic Woodworking Class at Center for Furniture Craftmanship

Highland Woodworking - Wed, 07/05/2017 - 7:00am

Me, Nick Offerman, and my Dad (Chris Bagby, co-owner and founder of Highland Woodworking)

My name is Molly Bagby and I have been involved with Highland Woodworking since I was a mere 7 days old (or maybe even sooner than that). Once my Mom, Sharon Bagby, recovered from pregnancy she started back to work right away and brought me with her. While I don’t remember much from those early days, growing up at Highland Woodworking has contributed to my passion for learning new things, as well as my crafting skills. But despite being around tools for most of my life I have never actually taken the time to learn basic woodworking. Now that I am more involved with the business side of helping to run the store, I figured it was about time to actually learn some woodworking skills.

An amazing opportunity recently came along to take a 2 week Basic Woodworking class at the Center for Furniture Craftmanship in Rockport, Maine. These classes fill up months in advance and when I called back in April to sign-up I was told that the class was full, but I could be put on the waitlist. I remained on the waitlist for several weeks. About a month before the class was scheduled to start, I gave them a call to see where I was on the waitlist. There were still 2 people ahead of me, so I figured my chances were pretty slim this close to the start. Last Tuesday, I got a voicemail while at work and saw that it was from the Center for Furniture Craftmanship. I called them back right away and they said a spot had just opened up due to a last minute cancellation and it was mine if I wanted it. It didn’t take me long to decide and I said yes right away. I mean, wouldn’t you have said yes to an opportunity to escape to Maine for 2 weeks and become fully engulfed in woodworking?

During these next 2 weeks I’m looking forward to learning as much as I possibly can about woodworking so I can become a better, more educated employee at Highland. I’m also looking forward to beginning a new hobby. Judging from what I’ve been able to see through the shared experiences of our customers, I’m sure it will be a very rewarding one.

Stay tuned to this blog to hear about my journey as a beginning woodworker! You can also follow me and my experiences on Instagram @highlandwoodwoman.

The post Intro – Basic Woodworking Class at Center for Furniture Craftmanship appeared first on Woodworking Blog.

Categories: General Woodworking

Make a Historic Beeswax, Oil & Turpentine Furniture Polish Finish

Wood and Shop - Wed, 07/05/2017 - 4:00am
In this tutorial I teach how to mix melted beeswax, boiled linseed oil, and turpentine to create a lovely historic wood finish and furniture polish. This recipe was taught to me by both the furniture makers at Colonial Williamsburg and the Frontier Culture Museum. How to Make a Historic Beeswax, Oil

made a lot of progress.......

Accidental Woodworker - Wed, 07/05/2017 - 1:37am
The bookcase is moving along nicely and it is looking like I may be done with it this weekend. I got a lot accomplished in spite taking a few extended breaks. The weather was nice but I was a wee bit tired and I almost nodded off a few times. OT has been cutoff at work andI'm still on that schedule. It will probably take me another week to get adjusted to my new hours. The goal is to get this bookcase done and make my finishing cabinet next, then Myles's tool chest.

I found out what it is
It is a window and door casing molding plane. It was available in widths from 1/2" to 1 3/4".

Ohio Tool catalog page from ?

no spring lines
From what little I know about molding planes, I know that no spring lines mean the plane is used with it held vertically. And this profile does not match the one in the Ohio Tool catalog I found. It's the middle far right one on the catalog page.

removed the tip on the right
The catalog shows this profile with a fillet (?) on the left with a slanted field ending in another fillet on the right. This profile has two fillets with one at 90° to the top (left one) or the other at 90° to the right edge.

planed it off
This still doesn't look like the catalog profile.

sample casing
I planed a 1/2" bead on the left side and I kind of like this. Not the nicest piece of wood to get a look see at how it looks though.

end view
some more molding plane work
I am trying to find a profile that I can mold on the top of the base for the bookcase. This cove is too big for 3/4" stock.

this one was smaller
I need more practice with this plane before I can use it. That thin flat at the top was not an easy thing for me to keep even and parallel. I thought I could just keep the plane up tight against the fence and this would fall into place. Moving the plane in/out in even tiny increments would change this. It was wavy and the plane had still not bottomed out. So it was a moot point as this plane was also likely too big for 3/4" stock too.

partial cove
This is my first choice for the molded edge on the base but even my smallest cove plane is too big.

the original bottom piece with a test molding on top of it
I don't think this looks good. There is no separation between the side beaded frame and the plain square bottom. That puts the molding of the base right on top of the beaded side frame. There isn't a stop and go point between the two moldings.

this is what I am going to do
 I am making a new bottom piece that will be proud of the beaded side frame by about 3/16". The bottom being up and away from the side frame will give a place for the beaded side frame to die out and the molded edge of the base to stand on it's own.

tried several more profiles
None of the profiles did anything for me. I am scraping all of them and I will plane a chamfer on the 3 edges of the base instead.

one my several breaks upcoming
I thought I would finish up the #2 plane at oh dark 45 but that was a bust too. My wife decided to sleep in late so I couldn't run the vacuum cleaner to clean the dust off of the sanding belt.

a couple of hours later
The #2 plane is done and making see through, wispy shavings.

and full width and length shavings too
the sole and port side
The sole is flat and straight, along with being shiny. There are two blemishes on the sole, one big and one small that's hard to see. I sanded the plane up to 600 grit and the blemishes remained. I tried sanding the big one with 220 grit in a sanding block and nothing. I'll have to live with them.

bow shot
starboard side
stern look
This plane closely felt like a block plane when I used it. I don't think that it will be a user for me. But it's size might be just right for my grandson. I can almost hide this in my palm so it may be perfect for a youngster. This will give him four planes now, a #2, #3, #4, and a 5 1/4.

new bottom piece
I like this and I think it gives a better transition between the sides and the bottom.

tried the same molding that is on the bookshelves
I like this profile but it is too small to use on the base. It would look good but in a larger size.

last molding look see
I don't know the name of this profile but it has two fillets and a round between them.  I planed the top one off but I didn't like the look of it.

working on the top horizontal beaded molded
I roughly sawed the 45° on this and I'm trimming it with my new 45 mitering jig. What a difference a truly sharp chisel makes. I am using the jig for both of the top and side frame miters. By using the same jig to make the 45°, they should mate better.

new way of clamping
Trying to put the stock along with the jig into the vise was proving to be awkward. There isn't a lot of meat to hold onto and my fingers were hogging a lot of making it hard to keep everything aligned while trying to tighten the vise. With this set up the clamp secures the stock and the tail end is secured in the vise.

top frame done - this is the easiest one to do
side frames are next- rough sawing the miters
I chiseled the flat flush after I did the miter

layout is done on the back
sawing the miter
I have already made the vertical saw cut and now it's the miter's turn.

last miter done
Checking to see how well this fits is next.

bottom and side frames glued and nailed
some flexing in the sides
I left the top 12" of the sides free, with no nails. I wanted to be able to move the top in/out in order to have some wiggle room for the top beaded molding.

right side dry fit
right side fit
I am very happy with how this came out and how well the miters fit. I won't need any putty to fill gaps on this.

rough sawing the base parts to length
forgot to plane the top edge straight and flat
I had this stock on the bookcase trying to get a measurement with it and it was rocking. There was a hump in the middle of this.

round two for base stock
On round one I clamped the left side piece to the bookcase. I aligned the left edge of the front with it and marked the other side. What I forgot to do was clamp the right side piece to the bookcase before I marked the front piece. It came out 3/4" short and you can not stretch eastern white pine. I tried to several times.

On round two I thought I had screwed up again but I hadn't. I cut off a new piece 33" long off a long board but I took the off cut from that which was shorter than 33". I got the right piece and marked out the front.

I just sharpened this iron yesterday and today it is dull already. On the pine end grain instead of shavings I was getting dust. I had to square up the ends of the base with the 4 1/2.

the base
The front corners will be dovetailed. The back is the first front piece that I marked short. Maybe I can use it at the back.

dovetails done
Dovetails are loosely put together so I could check fit on the bookcase.

how to connect the back?
I am thinking of using a dado at the back. I would like to use a dado and a through tenon but it is too short for a through tenon.

accidental woodworker

trivia corner
What was the name of the pilot of the first Presidential airplane?
answer - Major Henry T Meyers

Carving today before I carve this weekend

Peter Follansbee, joiner's notes - Tue, 07/04/2017 - 2:52pm

I am working on another desk box; an oak box with a slanted lid. Mainly I need this for the photos, for an article in the works. The annoying part is that the photos I needed to shoot were the slots/dadoes/what-have-yous on the inside faces of the box’s end boards. But…I don’t like to do the carving after cutting voids into the board. So first, I had to carve them.

This time, I made up the design, drawing from my research (and others’) into the varied carvings coming out of Devon, England. The same style appeared in Ipswich, Massachusetts during the last 3rd of the 17th century. I carve this stuff more than any other grouping, mostly because of its variety. Once you learn the “vocabulary” it’s easy to make up designs willy-nilly.

The desk box ends are weird shapes though. Took a little sketching with some chalk, and some wiping away with a damp cloth – but I got something I like. So then the front board is simple enough – a plain ol’ rectangle. There are three boxes from Devon that seem to be the same carver, or the same general pattern anyway. One of these I photographed back when I worked at Plimoth Plantation, the other two are from a website I subscribe to, Marhamchurch Antiques – http://www.marhamchurchantiques.com/ Paul Fitzsimmons there is a magnet for this Devon/Exeter oak furniture.

I’m going to carve the box front at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston on Sunday July 9. from noon to 3pm. I’ll be demonstrating the carving, and some joinery and other oak-y stuff.  http://www.mfa.org/programs/gallery-activities-and-tours/early-american-furniture-carving


Here are a few details from the Devon boxes that were the inspiration for my sketch – (the first two from Marhamchurch Antiques, thanks Paul, the 3rd is my photo).

This one had a later escutcheon on it, covering up the pattern. I took it off, so we could see the shape. At that time, I had never seen the previous two.


But before I go to Boston to work  on Sunday, I’m off to Maine for the Open House at Lie-Nielsen Friday & Saturday. https://www.lie-nielsen.com/hand-tool-events/USA/146

These events are legendary; the lineup this summer is killer. I try to do this show every July…it’s like old home week, seeing all my friends from the hand-tool circus. I guess I was there last summer – found my picture on their Facebook page –

 one or more people, people standing, shoes and outdoor

This time I’ll mostly be carving oak for a bedstead I’m working on. But I have a talk on Saturday about green woodworking, so I’ll do some spoon carving too. See you there I hope.

back to the bookcase

Accidental Woodworker - Tue, 07/04/2017 - 1:51am
Today wasn't as bad as yesterday was. It was hotter but the humidity didn't seem to be up there with it. There was a nice breeze blowing which helped with that. Still, it's a bit early for all this humidity but with each passing year, the weather seems to be more and more out of whack. The temp on my porch made it up to 92.5°F (33.6°C) and this was almost ten degrees higher than what was forecasted.

I put this aside
It is a bit nicer than yesterday but sanding the #2 plane wasn't happening. Just moving around and putting this and other things away was causing me to sweat. I will try and do some of this at oh dark thirty tomorrow. The overnight temps are supposed to dip down into the middle 60's.

only one
I tried a lot of holes and this was the only one I could fit the sleeve in. I had to drill out all the other holes with the drill again.

plane iron for the LN 51 shooter
I couldn't get the entire bevel on the coarsest diamond stone. I had to drop down to the 80 grit runway.

ten strokes
That is all it took to get a consistent scratch pattern across the whole bevel and raise a consistent burr too. I had to do this because I will need a sharp iron for doing the frame on the bookcase.

bottom piece is batter lead off
I thought of making mitered returns on the ends but nixed it. The shooting plane will leave the end grain ends glass smooth and most of that will be covered by a molding.

bottom is done
I stopped here on doing the sides. I was looking at the bottom where the side butts into the bottom frame piece and it wasn't to my liking.

thinking of mitering the side into the bottom
good practice too for doing the top ones
The side piece is to scale but the flat piece is wider than the bottom one. But it will give me a visual on how it looks.

this isn't going to work
The miter on the real bottom piece would eat almost all of the width into the bottom. I can't use this one because there would create a lip proud of the bottom shelf.  I don't like how the side dead ends into the bottom. Tomorrow I will make the bottom piece protrude out about an 1/8" more and see how that looks. I can make the bottom stick out more and not have it interfere with the base.

got my new camera
Now that I have the new one, I can order an extra battery and a charger. This one comes with a USB charger and I'm not a fan of them. They take much longer to charge than an AC charger does. I have no choice on how to charge it now. That will give me some time to read the instructions and familiarize myself with the buttons and what does what.

accidental woodworker

trivia corner
In 1933, what did a room at the Waldorf-Astoria hotel in New York City cost?
answer - a single $6, a double $9, and a suite $20

Ideas Worth Contemplating – A Tradition Continued

The Barn on White Run - Mon, 07/03/2017 - 6:13pm

This post is presented annually on this date – DCW

As we consider the world around us it is worth reflecting seriously on the document encapsulating the ideas that founded the greatest nation ever known to man (the US Constitution WAS NOT a founding document for the nation, it merely established the rules for its governance [admittedly now generally unknown and ignored] which is not the same thing).   I pray you will read and reflect on the ideas expressed by men who pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor to pursue the path of liberty.  Reading it is like reading the Minor Prophets of the Old Testament; more up-to-date regarding the human condition than tomorrow’s headlines.


IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

The 56 signatures on the Declaration appear in the positions indicated:

Column 1
Button Gwinnett
Lyman Hall
George Walton

Column 2
North Carolina:
William Hooper
Joseph Hewes
John Penn
South Carolina:
Edward Rutledge
Thomas Heyward, Jr.
Thomas Lynch, Jr.
Arthur Middleton

Column 3
John Hancock
Samuel Chase
William Paca
Thomas Stone
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
George Wythe
Richard Henry Lee
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Harrison
Thomas Nelson, Jr.
Francis Lightfoot Lee
Carter Braxton

Column 4
Robert Morris
Benjamin Rush
Benjamin Franklin
John Morton
George Clymer
James Smith
George Taylor
James Wilson
George Ross
Caesar Rodney
George Read
Thomas McKean

Column 5
New York:
William Floyd
Philip Livingston
Francis Lewis
Lewis Morris
New Jersey:
Richard Stockton
John Witherspoon
Francis Hopkinson
John Hart
Abraham Clark

Column 6
New Hampshire:
Josiah Bartlett
William Whipple
Samuel Adams
John Adams
Robert Treat Paine
Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island:
Stephen Hopkins
William Ellery
Roger Sherman
Samuel Huntington
William Williams
Oliver Wolcott
New Hampshire:
Matthew Thornton

chip carved box for bowl gouges

Peter Follansbee, joiner's notes - Mon, 07/03/2017 - 5:30am

I spent some time yesterday hewing and carving out a bowl from a too-large-for-a-spoon crook. Cherry. It was great fun, so now it will dry and perhaps I’ll even finish this one. I dug out another that is now dried, and worked that along a bit too. I have collected a range of bowl-carving gouges, and recently I re-purposed an unfinished box with a drawer to house them.

The box is from a few years ago, and involves much conjecture. Not my favorite way to build furniture. Tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera). It’s about 8″ high, 10″ wide and 15″ long.

Here is the sliding lid slud back a bit…


Inside this section is a cross-piece with slots to fit individual gouges. this piece is just friction-fit into the box right now.


Here you see there are two end boards nearest the camera – the carved one slides upward to access the drawer below the box compartment. It has a tongue/rabbet at its back face – riding in a slot cut on the inside faces of the box sides. A little hollow gouged out gives a place to grab it to lift it up. 


here is that piece removed, showing the bottom of the box compartment, and the drawer below.


Now a view showing the gouges in the box and those underneath in the drawer. No divider in the drawer. (yet, or maybe never)


requisite drawer detail.

Unfinished chip carving. it’s all over the box…some finished, some not.

someone will have fun when I’m long gone trying to figure out what happened here. Why was this box not finished, but it looks like it was used…

If I get to make another of these sort of boxes, I’d like to see an original first. One thing I’d change is I’d plane the stock just a bit thinner. This is 3/4″ standard issue boards – I’d aim for 5/8″ thick. this seems clunky. Part of why I gave up on it. But it makes a nice place to keep the bowl gouges…

How I Made a Notched & Tenoned Joint for the First Time

Popular Woodworking Editors Blog - Mon, 07/03/2017 - 5:14am

As some readers will know, I’m working on a book about English Arts and Crafts furniture for the books division of Popular Woodworking. As the deadline gallops toward me, alternately provoking bouts of insomnia and hyperventilation, my work schedule has finally allowed me to start on the book’s final project, a hayrake table designed by Ernest Gimson in 1908. It’s a simple design with the usual parts: four legs, a stretcher […]

The post How I Made a Notched & Tenoned Joint for the First Time appeared first on Popular Woodworking Magazine.

Categories: General Woodworking

wonderful start.......

Accidental Woodworker - Mon, 07/03/2017 - 2:19am
The blog post I had for this morning is toast. It now resides in some black hole somewhere out there in cyberspace. I went to publish it and nothing. I tried to save it and publish it again. And again I got nothing. I closed out and went back in and tried it one more time. This time I got the blogger BX error, whatever that means. For me it meant my blog post disappeared.

I've been experiencing a bit a trouble with blogger over the past few weeks. My posts don't seem to want to publish in the AM. I have to hit the publish radio button twice to get it out there. I'm sure that means some subscribers are getting more than one alert which can be annoying. I apologize for that but at least you'll know it is not intentional.

So what did I have in today's post that is now lost? Weather, trials, plane rehabbing, molding plane work, electrical work, and one project completion. So today's post will be recap on the highlights.

The weather sucks. The humidity is supposed to increase all week with rain for Saturday and sunday. A planned trip to Highlands Hardwoods won't be happening this weekend. The humidity was tolerable today because it wasn't that hot. We'll see what the rest of the week brings. On a bright note, tomorrow is the USA's birthday and a day off. Four day work weeks rule. I almost forgot. I will get my new camera today. Yippee.

I tried to sweeten the small miters that I used on the plane iron box in the shooting jig again. I didn't get anywhere with that. The piece is small and difficult to position in the sandwich. I haven't given up that quite yet. I will sharpen and hone the iron in the shooting plane and try it one more time.

I also tried to sweeten the miter in the new jigs I made to do the miters for the bookcase. I finally got that to work after 5 tries. Most of the problems trying to get it to work there was securing that small piece of stock in the jig.

I got a lot of planes I bid on at an auction to get the one that I wanted. I had sharpened and honed the iron in one plane and tried to get it to plane. I didn't have any success with it. It is an Ohio Tool plane, a #43 3/8, 7/8" size. I did a quick search on the WWW and didn't find anything there. And I don't have any Ohio Tool catalogs to check this plane against.

I finally got the profile in a piece of wood. It kind of looks like a frame panel profile but it isn't that. The right edge is raised up and slants down back to the bevel on the left. I am totally clueless as to what it is and what is was used for.

what is this used for?
I picked the #2 plane rehab back up. It is so tantalizing close to being done. I put it back together and made some shavings with it. The mouth on this is pretty tight and a lot tighter than I expected. I had to back the frog up way more than I usually do to get the iron to clear the mouth.

I got the handle and tote refinished which was a mistake. All the grit and sanding crappola from flattening the sole and the sides got all over the freshly refinished handle and knob. I got the sole/sides sanded up to 180 on my way up to 600. I am going to try and get that done today but there are no guarantees that will happen if the humidity is high. I'll be refinishing the knob and handles again as the last step.

sole of the #2 after 80 grit
I finished my iron plane box or holder. I got two coats of shellac on it and called it done.

the shellac makes the walnut and cherry pop a bit
battery operated LED light
I put this in on the cellar stairs because they are dark even with all the cellar lights on. I will put a hard wired light in later.

This is what I got for today's post. I didn't have sufficient time to add all the pics I snapped (those I didn't lose) and add the keyboard diarrhea.

accidental woodworker

trivia corner
How many jurors were dismissed in OJ Simpson's  murder trial?
answer - 10

Groopshop 2017

The Barn on White Run - Sun, 07/02/2017 - 6:22am

Almost two decades ago a crusty but brilliant fellow named Alan Marriage, a self employed furniture restorer in the hinterlands of Idaho, began an internet forum named The Professional Refinisher’s Group, mostly so that he would have someone to talk to about the trade.  “Groop,” as it is affectionately known, is open to anyone interested in becoming a member (I think membership is about $60/year, with moderated email exchange five times a week every week year-round).

At the time Groop began my portfolio of responsibilities at the Smithsonian included public education, and our  fifteen year run of the Furniture Conservation Training Program was winding down so I was looking for some new avenues for introducing the principles of furniture preservation.  (FCTP may be unique in the annals of Federal projects in that it had an explicit set of goals, and when those goals were accomplished the program was terminated.  As someone once said, “There is nothing so permanent as a ‘temporary’ government program.”  This explains the special WWII-era tax on rubber products that remains in place and you pay every time you buy a set of tires today!)  “Groop” seemed like a perfect venue and I signed up immediately.

I’ve been an active participant in this web-based community ever since, and soon it evolved into a periodic two- or three-day gathering of members for fellowship and learning.  Most recently we were hosted by the Connecticut Valley School of Woodworking.  What was once a trade meeting of strip-and-dip shop owners has matured into a remarkably sophisticated exchange of technical (mostly finishing and restoration projects) and business information (virtually all of the members are self employed) that is first rate.

So once again we gathered for a couple days of presentations, fellowship, learning, and teaching.

Up next – The Program.


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