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Hand Tools

heat ↑ humidity →......

Accidental Woodworker - Sat, 05/20/2017 - 12:09am
This mini heat wave is supposed to go away on saturday. The temp today was supposed to top out at 89F/32C but today's temp beat yesterdays. At 1700 the porch thermometer was reading a very toasty 96.7F/36C but it doesn't feel as hot as it was yesterday. Maybe that is because I sucked it up and put the A/C units in the windows yesterday after work. Saturday the temp is forecasted to be 65F/18C. That makes for a 30 degree differential but I'll wait and see what it actually gets up or down to.

packing from the miter saw
I stuffed all of this back into the box and then stowed it in the boneyard. I was going to toss it all but this is some good packing stuff to have. I may need to ship the walnut bookcase to my daughter down in NC. This was step #2 tonight. I had to do this in order to get to my workbench.

this was job #1 tonight
I knew that this was in the boneyard somewhere. Where exactly took me about 15 minutes to find. If I had started on the left side of the boneyard I would have found it right away. Instead I started on the right where I thought I had stashed it. There I had to move a lot of crap to see what was underneath and behind things.

On my lunch break I searched the WWW for a 2358 instruction manual and came up dry there but I came across a blog post I did in 2011 on doing the same thing for my 358 miter box. It's been 6 years since I got the 358 and got nowhere trying to breathe some life back into it. Bob, the Valley Woodworker, gave me a link to one on his famous tool blogs and the 2358 instruction manual is there.

Bob from Logan's cabinet shoppe made a new handle for the saw and sharpened it also. I only used it about 3-5 times and gave up on it. The 358 I have is worn out, missing a lot of parts, and it was too difficult trying to saw anything with it. The guy I got it from said it belonged to his father who was a carpenter who did rough and finish work.

a few rust blooms to sand away
For sitting idle for 6 years the saw is in good shape. This will clean up easily with some 320 sandpaper.

the posts fit on the saw
One nice thing about the 2358 miter box is that the miter box itself didn't change in any way with the model numbers. What changed was the size of the saw. This saw here is the largest one that Stanley offered up with the 2358 miter box. It is 28" long and 5" high. I am a hair shy of 4 7/8" under the spine so this saw hasn't been sharpened too many times.

saw guide buttons
I don't know the proper name for these but they are guides for the saw. On my 358 they barely project into the inside cavity. And of course they are something that you can't buy anymore so the saw flopped around in use.

2 degrees warmer in the shop today
I'm satisfied with the color
Tonight I put on the final application of the iron and tannic acid. Tomorrow I'll sand it and put one final coat of tannic acid on and let that dry. The shellac will follow that.

re did the flat on this side
When I stoned the leading edge, I changed the edge on this side. It is tapered, larger at the fore and thinning out to the far side. After I fixed that, I sharpened and honed the iron. Got a burr and maintained it right up to the 8K polishing stone.

why I fettle the chipbreaker this way
There is no light at all under the chipbreaker sighting inbetween it and the iron. The chipbreaker lays flat and even on the iron from one side to the other. With the leading edge polished, shavings should glide and slide right over it. The flat on the other side keeps any shavings from getting jammed between it and the iron. When I first started out planing, cleaning out the hump underneath the chipbreaker was a constant chore for me. Now I rarely get a shaving here and if I do, I redo the flat on the back of the chipbreaker and the iron.

I was thinking of a plane till at lunch today
These on the planes I want to keep in the plane till. I got these laid out roughly in the way I think they should be to get a rough measurement. The #8 gives the minimum OA height and the herd corralled will give a rough width.
just planes
I didn't include the molding planes nor the LV rabbet, and the Record 043 and 405. The router planes are absent also along with the newly purchased side rabbet planes. My initial thoughts are to keep the bench planes separate in a top cabinet and the other planes (which are all in boxes) in a cabinet under the bench planes. I plan on making a second plane till just to hold my wooden molding planes.

it's going to be a big cabinet
There is no allowance here for separators between the planes. I think just looking at the number of planes that this could easily morph out to 46-48". Satisfied that urge and it gives a starting point to think about.

#2 lever cap
I tried sanding first with 100 and then 320 grit and got the same result. Only the leading edge was getting shiny and clean. The rest of the lever cap was getting a pebbled look and feel. I stopped here and I'll come back to this tomorrow.

it's a Disston saw
I wonder why Stanley never got into the saw making business.They had there hands in so many different things and I'm surprised they hadn't bought a saw company out to make their own saws.

almost cleaned up
I want to clean and polish the saw plate and the spine on this saw.  However it is a very messy job and I'll do it outside so I can leave the mess there.

accidental woodworker

trivia corner
Who holds the record for the longest senatorial filibuster?
answer - Senator Strom Thurmond does, doing it for 24 hours, 18 minutes in 1957

birds, not woodworking. again.

Peter Follansbee, joiner's notes - Fri, 05/19/2017 - 9:57am

Even home-school kids have field trips, and I tagged along on one today to a place called Manomet – https://www.manomet.org/ to see a presentation about banding migrant landbirds. The winds finally shifted about 2 days ago, so now the southwest winds are bringing warblers up to New England.

Trevor Lloyd Evans and Maina Handmaker were our hosts, and gave us a lot of their time & attention. Here’s some of the birds we saw up close, as they were ready to be released, after having been weighed, measured, and recorded…

well, this first one wasn’t captured – it’s a flyover during our intro – an osprey.

this one I shot a lot, because I had never seen one before – a mourning warbler (Geothlypis philadelphia)

Maina & one of the kids releasing a female American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)

This might be that redstart, or a young male we saw after..

Showing some of the kids how to tell the age of this catbird, based on feather color…

Northern waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)

female magnolia warbler (Setophaga magnolia)

Least flycatcher (Empidonax minimus) – I could never ID this bird beyond “flycatcher” –

Rose got to let this one fly…

Right near the end of our visit, we got to see this chestnut-sided warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica)


And one whose name makes some sense – the common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Trevor and Manomet’s mascot, the gray catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

thanks to all for making this trip possible. I had more fun than I could stand.

Hey what kind of straight edge do you use for tuning your planes?

Giant Cypress - Fri, 05/19/2017 - 7:14am

I have a straightedge made by Matsui. (I think that’s the name of a company, and not a blacksmith.) It has a notch cut into it so that you can place it on the sole of the plane with the blade in cutting position, which is really nice. Having said that, you can probably get the same result with a piece of extruded aluminum and a Dremel grinder.

How I Organize My Hand Tool Cabinet

The Renaissance Woodworker - Fri, 05/19/2017 - 6:50am

Which Tools Do I Reach For the Most

My tool cabinet is the final project for Semester 1 of The Hand Tool School. It combines every bit of knowledge crammed into one project. Its overengineered for sure just so that I could fit every single joint from the semester into it.

It took me a long time to build my cabinet, but it took me even longer to figure out the storage inside. I kept setting up chisel racks and plane cubbies and stuff and then switch them around. I kept searching for the best way to store things in the most efficient and ergonomic way. I built projects while working from the cabinet and started to realize which tools I needed the most and refine how I grouped them and where I stored them. The result is a highly optimized tool cabinet where everything has a place and that place is specifically chosen through building projects.

This makes my cabinet not just a storage option, but as refined and efficient a tool as my workbench.

Categories: Hand Tools

Handworks 2017: Ready, Set, GO!

The Mortise & Tenon Magazine Blog - Fri, 05/19/2017 - 4:14am

We set out early yesterday morning for the last leg of our 1700-mile journey to Iowa for Handworks 2017. After passing through endless fields of newly-sprouted corn, crossing the mighty Mississippi, entering another time zone, and being awed by The World's Largest Truck Stop, we made it to the Amana Colonies. It's a good thing, too - the game of "Spot a Windmill, Win a Quarter" was losing hold on our three kids. 

After driving slowly and rubbernecking past many beautiful stone and brick buildings, we found our spot in the Millwright Shop. My wife, Megan, and our kids helped me lug the benches, display, magazines, tools, DVDs, 19th-century​ chest-over-drawers, etc. into the shop as our poor van gave an audible sigh of relief. Setup went quickly with so many helpers, and folks dropped by to say "hello" as we got everything arranged. The kids were absolutely delighted to meet their hero, Roy Underhill.

We ran to Cedar Rapids to check in to our hotel and grab some groceries, then returned to Amana for the big barbecue cookout. The who's-who of handtool woodworking, all gathered together in a barn eating pulled pork and cole slaw. What more could you ask for? It's going to be a terrific show! 



Categories: Hand Tools

How to Make a Half-lap Dovetail–A New Video and a New Method

Paul Sellers - Fri, 05/19/2017 - 3:38am

There are different preferences and traditional ways to make hand cut dovetails and then there is a way that adds one extra step but removes all need for the conventional use of marking or cutting gauges; methods normally associated with laying out both through and half-lap dovetails. When I first saw the video played back to me, …

Read the full post How to Make a Half-lap Dovetail–A New Video and a New Method on Paul Sellers' Blog.

Categories: Hand Tools

hot,humid, and sticky..........

Accidental Woodworker - Fri, 05/19/2017 - 1:22am
Still spring but this is not the first day that has been hot and humid. My porch thermometer read 92.3F/33C at 1545. Needless to say it was a bit toasty. This is the kind of weather I hate and I hate it with a passion bordering on fanaticism. It's still spring with summer a month away. Is this a portent of things to come?

wednesdays' night work
I tried to clean the adjuster with several different things -from orange cleaner to WD40 - and nothing was removing the black crud from it. I took the both of these upstairs and while I watched a bit of the boob tube, I sanded these to this.

knurling is still dirty
This I couldn't sand without destroying the knurling. Being dirty like this distracts from the rest of the shiny brass.

plane parts ready to depart the citrus bath
everything goes in the strainer
After losing two washers down the drain from past baths, I don't take anymore chances.  This is mostly for the small parts - screws, studs, etc - so they don't get washed away being rinsed off.

back to the adjuster
I mixed up a paste of Bar Keeps and water and I started to scrub the dirty knurling.

15 sweaty minutes later
It took 3 toothbrushes before I got the center slot between the knurling clean and down to somewhat shiny brass.  I also used the paste on the barrel nuts.

maybe the last ebonizing application
I like the color of this and if it looks as good tomorrow as it does now, I'll call it done. I have enough of the iron solution left for 4-5 coats if need be. This ebonizing is pretty good for poplar so far.

it's like a box of chocolates to quote Forrest Gump
it has a slight hollow
The first 1/8+" behind the bottom of the bevel is flat so this isn't that terrible.

5 minutes later it is flat enough to start on the bevel
bevel rough shaped
This is as far as I'm taking this tonight. I'll finish it tomorrow or this weekend. This heat sucks the desire to work wood right out of my bone marrow, but the cellar is at a rather cool 72F/22C. I'm still sweating and I'm starting to turn into a raging nut job. Have I told you that I hate this weather?

the chipbreaker
I stone the leading of the chipbreaker. I started on my coarsest diamond stone but there were two hollow spots. A couple of minutes on the 80 grit runway and the hollow spots were no more.

I concentrate on the very edge
consistent scratch pattern from the R to L and no hollows
coarse diamond stone next
This is it for the chipbreaker and I don't stone all the way up to the 8K one. I will strop it when I do the iron.

stoned a flat on this side
leading edge is shiny without any stropping
oiled up the plane parts - no more playing with the #2 tonight
it's not a breadbox
Stanley 2358  broken down for shipping
These parts are missing from my 2358 which is a lot older than this one. The silvery one on the left locks the saw in the up direction. The right ones are used as a depth stop for doing end rabbets or dadoes.

these parts are seldom seen on  miter boxes for sale

stock holder
This holds the stock up against the fence flat or at an angle for doing crown molding.

I put this in place like this for now
The circled 12 and 8 are what the angles are for a 12 or 8 sided frame etc.

 I need to look these up
I can't remember how these go in. On my 2358 the front and back ones aren't interchangeable. With the exception of the stud on the front one, they look exactly the same. Now I have to put this together and find where I hid my saw for my old 2358. The seller did an incredible job of rehabbing this miter box. I paid $179 for it (S/H included) and I think I got one hell of a bargain for my $$$$.

looks like an ordinary light switch cover

LED lights at the bottom
In the pic above, at the bottom left of the cover there is a photocell. It turns the light on when it gets dark and off during the day.

gets the power off the two silver terminals
My wife got these from Amazon and she thinks they are called Snap lights.  She put one in the hallway between the bedrooms, one at the back door, and once the kitchen is done, one is going on the counter top. I can navigate to the head at night without tripping and killing myself with the light this puts out.

This is it. I could have done more but I dislike sweating and working in this weather. I'll just have to slow down and take it easy until this weather goes south.

accidental woodworker

trivia corner
What is the significance of latitude 39° 43' in American history?
answer - it's the Mason-Dixon line

Hardware Storage: Drink More Tea

The Literary Workshop Blog - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 3:59pm

Today was Workbench-Organization-Day.  It’s amazing how cluttered my workbench can get over a few months.  It took me a couple hours to toss all those forgotten scraps into the firewood pile, organize the pieces of When-I-Get-around-to-It projects, and–of course–collect and putting away stray hardware.

You know how it goes.  Spare nails, screws, nuts, and bolts accumulate at an an alarming rate in the corners of workshops.  Sometimes I think they breed there.  I have a couple small dishes that I keep on my workbench for collecting these bits of hardware when I find them, but when the dishes start to overflow, it’s time to actually put things away.

I’ve tried a few different hardware-storage systems.  Well, “system” might be too strong a word.  Like most “handy” guys, I have nails, hinges, and L-brackets in some random coffee cans and jars, but little by little, I’m converting to a simple modular-storage system.  It’s taken me a while to make the conversion, though, because I need to drink more tea.


Yes, I use the leftover tins from Twinings loose-leaf tea for storing hardware.  They come in two convenient sizes, and the lids are made such that boxes of the same size will neatly stack on top of one another.  Unlike mason jars or coffee cans, these rectangular containers can be packed next to each other in a drawer with almost no wasted space between them.  And they’re totally flexible.  Changing the contents is as easy as writing a new label.

The only downside is that, unlike glass or plastic, I can’t see what’s inside each one unless I open it.  But I’ve cracked or broken enough glass jars and plastic containers that I’ll gladly put up with limited visibility.  I usually just dump the entire contents onto my bench, pick out what I need, and then hold the box up to the edge of the bench while I sweep the rest of the hardware back into it.  You can’t do that with a round jar.

I’m normally a coffee drinker, so it’s taken me some time to replace most of my mason jars and coffee cans with tea tins.  I still have several to go.

So pour me a cuppa tea, guv’nor!  I’ve got more hardware to put away.

Tagged: box, hardware, hardware storage, storage, tea, tea tin, Twinings

The Domestic Portrait of Studley

Lost Art Press: Chris Schwarz - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 12:11pm

The façade of the Stetson Shoe Company facility shows a robust, respectable enterprise and suggests a considerable level of financial prosperity of the company’s owner.

This is an excerpt from “Virtuoso: The Top Cabinet and Workbench of Henry O. Studley” by Donald C. Williams, photographs by Narayan Nayar. 

Studley married Abbie Stetson of Washington Street in Quincy on Feb. 10, 1870. The details of their meeting and courtship are not known. He was 31 and she 25 at the time of their wedding, and their marriage lasted almost 50 years until her death in 1919.

The picture of prosperity for Studley’s family is unclear, but the same cannot be said of the Stetsons. Abbie’s father, David B. Stetson, was a prosperous merchant, with his fortune founded on a successful eponymous shoe factory in nearby Weymouth and at least one retail store in Quincy. He began as a very young man with a door-to-door shoe cart and eventually expanded every aspect of his enterprise to produce a stylish and sought-after line of footwear.

When David Stetson died 1894, his obituary asserts that “he had amassed a comfortable fortune.”*

The Stetson household was strongly anti-slavery; David Stetson was an original member of the Republican Party and devout in his regular attendance to the local Congregational church.

Apparently he instilled his four children with a sense of business and financial acumen that they practiced throughout their lives. At the time of his death, it was younger daughter, Ella, who managed the family business, considered to be one of the foremost shoe and boot purveyors in the Boston area. Brother Warren Stetson managed the shoe and boot manufactory, while brother Arthur Stetson was owner of a successful printing company specializing in artistic press-work. Abbie was by then married to Henry Studley, and was clearly an active partner in the couple’s growing real estate empire.

In short, both the Studley and Stetson families were diligent, hardworking, talented and successful clans. As their marriage began in 1870, Abbie was already accustomed to financial success through observing and working with her father.

We might think that the person who created this magnificent tool ensemble and the accompanying workbench was someone consumed by developing and honing this particular skill set to the exclusion of everything else and thus had no other outside interests. That Studley was committed to the practice of craftsmanship at the very highest level is beyond question, however, the intensity of his financial interests and activities outside the workshop were also fundamental parts of his life. The public record of the Studleys’ real estate transactions in particular is truly impressive. The fact that Henry was on the board of directors of a local bank for three decades certainly adds complexity to the tale and sparks a great deal of speculative reflection on the role of the tool cabinet in his life.

While we may be reduced to informed speculation about Henry Studley’s training, skills and woodworking accomplishments, we are not uninformed about what he and his wife were up to in their private finances, thanks to the tireless research of retired history professor John Cashman, who contributed greatly to the scope of this account. The Norfolk County Registry of Deeds records Abbie being a signatory to at least 342 real estate transactions during a roughly 25-year period. During the same period, Henry’s name appears as a signatory on at least another 80 transactions.

At first I wondered about this disparity in the public records, but when Cashman found the obituary noting Studley’s three decades of membership on the Quincy Cooperative Bank’s board of directors, an obvious conclusion to me was that his fiduciary responsibilities and regulatory restrictions curtailed his direct real estate investments as a matter of law. Further, as Cashman pointed out, Abbie’s aggressive real estate activities commenced soon after her father’s death, and perhaps with the infusion of liquid assets from his estate. In the model of a very modern power couple, Henry filled the “sitting on the board of the bank” role while Abbie did the buying and private lending.


This single page from the Registry of Deeds confirms the breadth of Abbie Studley’s activities as a mortgage broker in the Quincy community. There are several such pages in the registry for both Abbie and Henry.

Abbie’s will and probate records from 1919 paint a fascinating picture of her not as the wife of a prominent and superbly skilled craftsman, but rather almost as a partner in a real estate conglomerate. Even though her probate records state that she owned no real estate outright at the time of her death, the listing of assets being probated is noteworthy. Among them are almost 80 mortgages she held in her own name with a stated worth of $55,504.74. Not a huge fortune, but neither was it a paltry portfolio. Depending on which calculation model is used, Abbie’s estate would be worth between $750,000 to several million dollars in today’s economy (2014).

She and Henry had no children.


The Stetson and Studley lodgings are long gone, and though I regret their destruction I can simultaneously appreciate the beauty and utility of Quincy’s Thomas Crane Public Library. This photo shows roughly the area of Henry and Abbie Studley’s residence, now home to the “new wing” of the library.

Sadly, the home where Studley lived his last 50 years is long gone, replaced by the new wing of the stone H.H. Richardson-designed Thomas Crane Public Library, but I have stood on the sidewalk where he walked for that half-century.

Meghan Bates


Filed under: Virtuoso: The Tool Cabinet and Workbench of Henry O. Studley
Categories: Hand Tools

Clouds. Soft and fluffy on the outside, turbulence monsters on...

Giant Cypress - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 7:09am

Clouds. Soft and fluffy on the outside, turbulence monsters on the inside. On my way to #handworks2017.

Quick Plane Tips (Pun Intended)

Paul Sellers - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 7:06am

I was a boy when I first saw it. George planed the board flat and it looked flat to me. What did I know? Life was different then I think. 15 years olds, in a workshop filled with adult men, I knew then I didn’t know anything; at least not much worth knowing. The oak …

Read the full post Quick Plane Tips (Pun Intended) on Paul Sellers' Blog.

Categories: Hand Tools

Garage workshops part 3

Oregon Woodworker - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 6:45am
With my hand tool area in the right bay done, for the time being anyway, it was time to turn my attention to the remaining two bays.  The first thing I did was put the camping gear and bikes in the back corner where they would be out of the way but accessible.  I have built a shed for my garden tools and equipment, but I keep a few here in the front corner for convenience.

I have an old Craftsman workbench and rollaway that I put near the handtool area.  It contains wrenches and supplies for the most part but I use the tops of both for a sharpening area.

That left the rest of the space for workshop storage and my remaining woodworking equipment.  The familiar generalization that with hand tools you bring the tool to the workpiece while with power tools you bring the workpiece to the tool has big implications for how a shop is arranged.  With hand tools, you want a big workbench in the center and your tools stored around it where you can reach them easily.  With power tools you want the tool in the center with enough space around it to accommodate the largest workpiece you anticipate.  Because I don't have enough space to dedicate an area to each power tool, I have to have them on mobile bases so I can wheel them out into a common work area.  That is what I did with my router table, jointer and chopsaw, the tools that I wouldn't replace and may sell:

This area in front is also a place where I can use my tracksaw, and do assembly and finishing on sawhorses.

I placed my miter box and chopsaw end to end facing rearward so they can share space for long boards.  Commercial shelving works great as bases for both:

I never stop thinking about how I can best arrange my garage for woodworking.  If you spend a lot of time in your workshop, it's an effort that pays a big return.  I hope this series of posts is useful to you and I hope you will consider doing something similar, as I am always looking for good ideas.

Categories: Hand Tools

Craig Thibodeau: Tools & Outsourcing – 360w360 E.232

360 WoodWorking - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 4:10am
 Tools & Outsourcing – 360w360 E.232

In this episode of 360 with 360WoodWorking we talk again with Craig Thibodeau and discuss tools in his shop. He also shares his thoughts on outsourcing, which improves his work and business.

Join 360 Woodworking every Thursday for a lively discussion on everything from tools to techniques to wood selection (and more). Glen talks with various guests about all things woodworking and some things that are slightly off topic. But the conversation is always information packed and lots of fun.

Continue reading Craig Thibodeau: Tools & Outsourcing – 360w360 E.232 at 360 WoodWorking.

5 1/2 done, starting the #2.......

Accidental Woodworker - Thu, 05/18/2017 - 12:54am
I think it was a Meatloaf song that had a verse that went something like this :".....two out of three ain't bad....". That is what I had tonight when I got home. I got 2 out of the 3 things I ordered and I'm agreeing with Meatloaf that what I got ain't bad. I think if I got the miter box too today my wife would have probably found me suffering from sensory overload. I would be stuck in a corner somewhere muttering to myself which one do I play with first?

from Bill Rittner
I ordered an extra brass toe screw but not an extra set of brass barrel nuts. The #2 doesn't have a toe screw but it does have barrel nuts. I like to have spares so I'll be ordering another two sets of barrel nuts on payday.

rear end done
You can not do any better than shiny brass. I like the the one in the toe of the tote a lot. All my bench planes from the 4 1/2 up to the 8 have one. Except for the #6 which I haven't done a complete rehab on yet. I use that plane only for planing stock to thickness.

the before and after
Bob said to use the Autosol on this
It worked on the shiny stuff but it did nothing on the 4 1/2 lever cap. The rag got dirty but I didn't get any shine for my efforts. I think I'll sand it first and try the Autosol again.

first of 3 things I like about type 11's and down
The low knob can not be beat. My personal preference is the low unbeaded knob but I do have planes with the high knob too.

#2 is the plain lever cap
Lever cap choices are personal and are like trying to figure why blue is someone's favorite color.

the totes
It seems to me that the totes start getting more upright with the later types. I especially like the feeling I get from gripping this down low close to the plane body. It literally is like a hand in glove fit for me.

Well almost done. I still have to adjust the frog so I get an even shaving out of the R/L side of the mouth.

shiny brass is better than dull steel
this is a sweet looking plane
I'm glad that I got this and I think I may use this one a lot more than my smaller #5.

current home
I have nowhere else to keep this plane for now.

it is also the home for the #3 and 10 1/2
the 5 1/2 can't go here
The #8 is taking up the back of the bench. Even if I take the 3 planes at the top left out, I still couldn't get the 5 1/2 to fit there.

might fit here
I could find another hole for the 51 and free up some space. As it is now it takes up two because of the tilted frog. Something to mull over during lunch.

it's been working
Rather than use sandpaper inbetween applications, I've been using this ratty bar towel. It's got glue wipe ups on it and it is kind of stiff. It leaves some lint behind but it seems to smooth out the frame without any other problems. I use canned air to get rid of the lint before I put on the iron and tannic acid.

getting low
The steel wool pad is still together and it is very soft to the touch. Some of it has dissolved but I would say about 1/2 of it is still there. I think I have enough to put on a few more coats.

fingers crossed on opening up my #2
my first look see
I am already smiling because this casting is twice as thick as other #2.  The low knob isn't beaded and doesn't have any damage to it that I can see.

looks clean
This plane was rehabbed recently and if it wasn't the previous owner took awfully good care of it.

iron and chipbreaker
Both of these are clean and rust free looking. And there is a lot of life left in the iron.

rear end of the bus
The lateral adjust is dirty but it is stiff and isn't flopping back and forth. The tote is intact and doesn't have any signs of having been repaired. The horn looks good too. It is in one piece, no chips or dings, nor any drag marks from the lateral adjust. I think that this is the original finish on the tote and knob too.

screws aren't stripped
I checked both of these before going any further. If either or these had any problems it would be on it's way back.

there's rust under there
mixed up a fresh citrus bath
brushed off as much rust as I could before the citrus bath
sole looks good
Other than the toe being rounded over a little, the sole looks good. There aren't any scratches, rust pits, or gouges anywhere on it or on the cheeks.

cleaning the brass adjuster and barrel nuts
The adjuster is filthy and crud encrusted. The barrel nuts  cleaned up by sanding them. I tired using the orange cleaner on the adjuster but it didn't help much.

brass soaking in Bar Keeps while I have dinner
had to wire brush to see it
few rust spots on the heel
R/L cheek walls are rusty and have paint loss
lightly sanded
This took almost no effort at all to get down to bare metal. I lost a lot more paint here and got the same result on the left cheek wall. It is looking like I'll be painting this plane body.

accidental woodworker

trivia corner
What do the letters represent in the stock market acronym NASDAQ?
answer - National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations

Preface to Fish and mammalian glues

Journeyman's Journal - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 11:29pm

This article is an in depth study I have researched on animal protein glue, I don’t believe even with the information I’ve compiled is merely enough to scratch the surface. Sourcing information through the net is proving to be increasingly difficult on this subject. There isn’t much information available besides the usual synopsis you can find in any woodworking catalogue.
I must say the internet has developed or leaned more towards marketing of products rather than being a source of information that’s geared towards real learning. This marketing revolution reminds me of the industrial revolution seeds first planted in England in the 18th century, but didn’t see it blossom and the negative effects it had on society till the 19th century.


This poisonous blossoming effect brought about a radical socioeconomic change to the developed world and the demise of human skill through the introduction of machinery in the workplace.
Much like the Camphor Laurel tree which originated in China and exported to other nations because of its beautiful grain, poisoning and eventually killing off other trees in its surrounding, so did the lure of mass production. Once more China through the greed of western corporations and medium sized businesses has killed off many jobs in the western civilised world.


The industrial revolution of the 19th century led to low quality, high yielding profits bringing benefit to only some, but often resulted in mass unemployment, low wages, poor working and living conditions for both the working class and the poor.

While now in the 21st century working conditions in the developed world may have improved but we still see no change in employment opportunities. No wage increase to meet the current cost of living, housing is now unaffordable in major capital cities around Australia, rental increases has exceeded a single person’s income, universities wanting to increase their fees even more, limiting more young people from obtaining an education in the hope of a better life while gearing towards reserving education only for the wealthy as it was in the early part of the 20th century. Zero plans in supporting any additional apprenticeship programs and bringing about further tax cuts for corporations while increasing tax levies on the working class.

The internet which was once a great source of limitless information has developed into a new revolutionary marketing tool which has been cleverly masked by the word “information age.” A word with a hidden motif and motive. This information is not about giving but collecting personal information about you, to help them better market their products to you.
So, rather than help Mr. Googlegoogle-evil-1200x900 further their exploits of this revolutionary and evolutionary degeneration of the human intellect, I aim to put a black spot or stain or even a dent in their plans by placing as much educational material as I humanly can on the subject of woodworking, in the hope that it will inspire many and restore some level of balance to your lives, and get the children and adults off the PlayStations and generally off their mobile phones.


That’s me when I was a young rooster but long gone are the days of my youth, and equally so my generation who’ve forgotten how to live. Isn’t it time we started to remember?
There are a great many more blogs out there and unfortunately some of the better ones are long gone, but together we can build them up again to better serve the community. I urge you all, to create blogs, contribute and support one another and make a stance against this modern degeneration of society. If you think you have nothing to share or your skill level is not worthy of posts, think again.

Everyone has something to offer and gain as learning is a never ending process.

This introductory post has been more a form of release of the mental anguish due to the frustrations I’m currently undergoing of researching, gathering and compiling of information on fish glue, whilst endlessly and tirelessly trying to avoid the constant bombardment of “where I can buy fish glue.”   As this research is far from over and without going into any further discussion of the demise and evolutionary degeneration of the human race, I will in my next post release my findings.

I’ll begin with a very brief look into the historical accounts that’s been documented on fish glue. As I have written some on the historical uses of hide glue in my earlier posts, I don’t believe it would be beneficial to repeat it here. As I cannot possibly cover every aspect of this glue or mammalian glues in general in a single post, I will release further information as I come across it in other subsequent posts.

Before I end this introductory post, I would like to make a brief clarification on Camphor Laurel.  Even though it is considered a weed in Australia due to its poisoning effects it has on other trees, it is a most beautiful and sought after timber by many woodworkers in all fields of the trade.  It gives off a wonderful strong scent and is great for keeping cloth eating insects out of your wardrobes. Its easy to saw but planing is difficult with standard bevel angle planes, no less than a 50° bevel is needed to plane without causing tear out and the grain is drop dead gorgeous.  I used this tree as an example only to clarify a point.

Take care




Categories: Hand Tools

A Walk in the Woods in April

Lost Art Press: Chris Schwarz - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 5:43pm

April March showers bring May April flowers.

–traditional proverb

Despite sharing a border with Canada, Ohio has a relatively mild climate, and spring usually arrives early. By April, all of the trees are at least beginning to leaf out. One of the earliest here is the yellow buckeye (Aesculus flava). Its digitate leaves unfurl at a time when most of the other trees are still in bud:


The flowers appear later in the month, in erect clusters:


Yellow buckeye occurs only in the southern portion of the state, mostly along the Ohio River. Brutus Buckeye, on the other hand, is the nut of an Ohio buckeye (Aesculus glabra). The leaves are very similar, and the flowers have the same general structure but different proportions:


The bark of yellow buckeye is fairly smooth, with a sort of gravelly texture:


Both buckeyes are generally found close to water.

A well-known flowering tree that blooms in April is flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Most people recognize the four large white bracts that surround each cluster of flowers, but few notice the tiny yellow-green flowers themselves:


An unusual subtropical species that occurs as an understory tree in southern Ohio is the pawpaw (Asimina triloba). Its flowers are maroon/brown, hang straight down, and have a scent reminiscent of rotting flesh:


Given their aroma, it’s not surprising that pawpaws are pollinated by flies.

The pawpaw is the host plant for the zebra swallowtail (Protographium marcellus):


And, for no other reason than that I had my camera in hand when I saw them together, here are three different swallowtails; the top one is an eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus), and the middle one is a spicebush swallowtail (Papilio troilus):


A tree that any woodworker can appreciate is black cherry (Prunus serotina). Its flowers are distinctive:


Another sign of black cherry is the presence of eastern tent caterpillar (Malacosoma americanum) nests:


Black cherry appears to be their favorite food, although they are occasionally found on apples as well.

Rounding out the commonly occurring conifers in this neck of the woods is eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), easily recognized by its short needles and small cones:


Eastern hemlock occurs in the eastern half of Ohio; the trees are found almost exclusively on north-facing slopes and in deep, cool ravines.

Since the leaves have finally arrived, let’s look at them in more detail. First up are the maples. Red maple (Acer rubrum) leaves have irregularly toothed edges, and red petioles (leaf stems):


Silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is likewise heavily toothed, and the petioles are usually green, but may be red as well:


The keys to distinguishing the two species are:

  • The sinuses (spaces between the lobes) in red maple are V-shaped, while those of silver maple are U-shaped.
  • The center lobe of the silver maple leaf is longer than half the overall length of the leaf, while that of the red maple is about half the length or less.

The leaves of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) have smooth edges:


This is, of course, the “classic” maple leaf, as depicted on the Canadian flag. Most of the sugar maples around here have leaves where the three main lobes are fairly broad, and the two outermost lobes are reduced to near nothing. In these respects, they approach the proportions of the leaves of black maple (Acer nigrum). The variation in both of these two species has led some botanists to consider the two to be extremes of a single species. I was not able to find a good example of a black maple leaf, but this variant of a sugar maple leaf is closer to what a black maple’s leaves look like:


Surprisingly, these two sugar maple leaves came from different branches of a single tree.

Our last maple, boxelder (Acer negundo) doesn’t look like a maple at all, and in fact its leaves are disturbingly similar to those of poison ivy:


Both red and silver maples set seed early:


Red maple (on the left) has the smallest samaras, while silver maple has the largest. Both sugar/black maple and boxelder are in between in size, and don’t ripen until mid-May.

Another species that leafs out early is tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera). The shape of its leaves is unique:


Tuliptree also has interesting flowers, but since they’re all at the tops of the trees, I wasn’t able to get any decent photos.

I mentioned last month that April was the month for wildflowers; here are a few, starting with white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum):


Trilliums were especially abundant this year.

Dutchman’s breeches (Dicentra cucullaria) bloom for only a short time in the middle of April, and by the end of the month, all traces of the plant (including the leaves) are gone:


(But why are the Dutchmen always hanging upside down?)

Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis) normally has white flowers, but they’re occasionally blue:


We spent a weekend at the end of April in Adams and Scioto counties, in south-central Ohio. There are a number of wildflowers there that are difficult to find elsewhere in the state, such as these yellow lady’s slippers (Cypripedium parviflorum):


I took photos of many other species, but rather than post them all here, I’ve put together an album that you can see online: https://www.flickr.com/photos/66983845@N03/sets/72157681988733910

In lieu of a sedge this month, we have this rather unassuming plant:


It has miniscule flowers, and its foliage isn’t much to look at, but the ability to recognize stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a useful skill when you’re walking in the woods.

–Steve Schafer


Filed under: Uncategorized
Categories: Hand Tools

Building a Portfolio

Northwest Woodworking - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 9:47am

Any good portfolio takes time to build. Just like the construction of a piece of furniture is an accumulation of days and hours of effort, so too is that compendium of your work.

Where to start? Start at the beginning. Take a photo of every piece you make so that years from now you can smile at yourself and say, “Oh I was young then. I’ve learned so much now.” And it will be true. There is much to discover and rediscover along the way as we develop our habits at the bench or with the pencil and drawing.

The Mastery Program is an opportunity to jump start that portfolio building. You will build more creative work in the one year or two year program than you most likely ever will again. It is a chance that you will take on yourself, on your own growth as a designer, and on your progression as a builder of fine objects.

Take the chance. Invest in yourself. http://northwestwoodworking.com/mastery-programs/local-mastery

Shea’s latest piece, his Hall Table with Drawer. Pretty cool stuff he’s making.

Hall table Shea RMP 9

Categories: Hand Tools

Photo Gallery – Handworks 2015

Lost Art Press: Chris Schwarz - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 7:30am


A 3 Part photo gallery from Handworks 2015 is available here. This is the consolation prize for those who will not be attending Handworks this week.

—Jeff Burks

Filed under: Personal Favorites
Categories: Hand Tools

Unplugged shop

Journeyman's Journal - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 5:14am

I am fortunate enough to have been listed amongst many great hand tool blogs on the unplugged shop news feeder.  Check it out.

Categories: Hand Tools

@ Handworks – Original Roubo Print 284

The Barn on White Run - Wed, 05/17/2017 - 4:11am

There might be no more visually exuberant print in all of L’art du Menuisier than Plate 284, “Different Ways to Arrange Veneers.”  It is only one of many consecutive illustrations wherein Roubo is presenting the principles of composition for parquetry and as he calls it, “simple veneerwork.”  The remaining plates in this series are ones I am keeping myself.

Like almost all the prints in my inventory this one was drawn and engraved by Roubo himself.

If you have ever wanted to own a genuine piece of Rouboiana, this is your chance.   I will be selling this print at Handworks on a first-come basis, with terms being cash, check, or Paypal if you have a smart phone and can do that at the time of the transaction.




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